The section will contain the EPS figures on a basic and diluted basis, as well as the share counts used to compute the EPS. Stock buybacks and new stock issuance are two methods for publicly-traded companies (post-IPO) to directly impact their number of outstanding shares. To demonstrate the above, I have taken an example of three companies operating in the same industries. All the financial numbers, such as net income, number of shares, and price per share, are taken for 2018. As noted in the discussion surrounding anti-dilutive shares, a company can post a net loss, or negative net profit. Earnings per share shows up on the profit and loss statement; book value (also known as shareholders’ equity) on the balance sheet.

  • A higher earning per share indicates that a company has better profitability.
  • This information can be found within the company’s income statement.
  • We have to use little effort to find out the number of outstanding shares.
  • It may also exclude the cost of share-based compensation for employees, since that compensation can vary widely from year to year.
  • The Earnings Per Share (EPS) is the ratio between the net profit generated by a company and the total number of common shares outstanding.

This measurement typically includes figures from the four quarters of the current fiscal year, some of which may have already elapsed, and some of which are yet to come. As a result, some of the data will be based on actual figures and some will be based on projections. Imagine a company that owns two factories that make cellphone screens.

Where Can You Find a Company’s EPS

The treasury stock method (TSM) requires the market share price, which we’ll assume is $40.00 as of the latest market closing date. In the next part of our exercise, we’ll determine our company’s diluted earnings per share (EPS). Our company’s basic earnings per share (EPS) comes out to be $1.50. Of the $250 million in net earnings, $25 million was issued to preferred shareholders in the form of a dividend.

When looking at EPS to make an investment or trading decision, be aware of some possible drawbacks. For instance, a company can game its EPS by buying back stock, reducing the number of shares outstanding, and inflating the EPS number given the same level of earnings. Changes to accounting policy for reporting earnings can also change EPS. EPS also does not take into account the price of the share, so it what is erp key features of top enterprise resource planning systems has little to say about whether a company’s stock is over or undervalued. The earnings per share (EPS) reported by a company per GAAP accounting standards can be found near the bottom of a company’s income statement, right below net income. The earnings per share metric, often abbreviated as “EPS”, determines how much of a company’s accounting profit is attributable to each common share outstanding.

Ratio Calculators

In fact, it is sometimes known as the bottom line where a firm’s worth is concerned, both literally (as the last item on the income statement) and figuratively. EPS is a metric that can serve as a bellwether for a company’s current and future financial prospects. It’s the portion of a company’s net income that is allocated to each outstanding common share.

Assuming the company has convertible securities, the Diluted EPS will always be lower than a company’s Basic EPS. Bank of America (BAC), for example, is in the financial services sector. Investors can compare the EPS of Bank of America with other financial institutions, such as JP Morgan Chase (JPM) or Wells Fargo (WFC), to get an idea of relative financial strength. The forward EPS is calculated using projections for some period of time in the future (usually the coming four quarters). Most P/E ratios are calculated using the trailing EPS because it represents what actually happened, and not what might be.

Earnings per share definition

This is one of the major components of financial measures which is used in business. This is usually used by investors for calculating the value of the stocks of the company and comparing them with the market price. The investor community widely uses the P/E ratio, which combines earnings per share with the share price, as an important valuation metric. Although many investors don’t pay much attention to the EPS, a higher earnings per share ratio often makes the stock price of a company rise. Since so many things can manipulate this ratio, investors tend to look at it but don’t let it influence their decisions drastically.

First, the exercise price of the options or warrants may be above the trading price. In that case, the shares underlying the options are excluded because, at the moment, they are not going to be exercised. In other words, Bank of America traded at roughly 19x trailing earnings. Nevertheless, it’s important not to limit your fundamental stock research only to EPS, as other metrics should be evaluated as well to generate a well-rounded assessment. If the earnings report exceeds estimates, a stock may jump in price. In short, if earnings go down or the number of shares increases, EPS will decline.

What Is the Formula for Earnings per Share?

An analyst will want to know what the EPS was for just the 400 stores the company plans to continue with into the next period. The higher a company’s EPS, the more profitable it is considered to be. The net dilution equals the gross new shares in each tranche less the shares repurchased.

Assume ABC Corporation’s reported net income for FY18 was $10 million, and the average outstanding common shares for FY18 were 5 million. Since it is a small company, there are no preferred shares outstanding. Quality Co. had 5,000 weighted average shares outstanding during the year. Then, divide the result by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.

Limitations of EPS

This information can be found within the company’s income statement. Sometimes, diluted earnings per share are also mentioned in the financial reports of the company. Diluted earnings per share also include options, warrants, and convertible bonds which can affect the number of total outstanding shares whenever exercised by the company.


This is because a negative EPS tells investors a company is not currently profitable. Investors typically compare the EPS of two or more companies within the same industry to get a sense of how one company is performing relative to its peers. Earnings per share can be distorted, both intentionally and unintentionally, by several factors. Analysts use variations of the basic EPS formula to avoid the most common ways that EPS may be inflated.

Companies can repurchase shares, decreasing their share count as a result and spread net income less preferred dividends over fewer common shares. Basic EPS could increase even if absolute earnings decrease with a falling common share count. The formula in the table above calculates the basic EPS of each of these select companies. Basic EPS does not factor in the dilutive effect of shares that could be issued by the company. You can use this Earnings per Share (EPS) Calculator to calculate the earnings per share based on the total net income, preferred dividends paid and the number of outstanding common shares. Earnings per share is basically a financial ratio where a company divides its net earnings which is for the shareholders by outstanding shares all over a certain time.

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